Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition which is predominantly genetic and runs in families. In type 2 diabetes there is a resistance to insulin. Insulin is required so the body, which converts carbohydrates into glucose, can use the glucose as energy. 

Initially when the resistance begins the body compensates by making extra insulin.Over time however the pancrease can not produce enough insulin to maintain glycaemic control. If the body can not use the glucose it remains at an elevated level in the blood and causes hyperglycaemia. This can lead to long term complications.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition and gets worse over time. When newly diagnosed you may only require a modification to carbohydrate intake and an increase in activity to manage your condition and slow down the progression. However it is highly likely that at some point you will require medication. Initially the medication is to  help reduce your body's resistance to insulin. Other tablets  stimulates the pancrease to produce more insulin. 

You  may go on to require injectable medication such as insulin to mantain glycaemic control.


It is important that you see your GP regularly to check on your diabetes control with blood and urine tests. it is essential to get appropriate treatment as soon as they are required to reduce the risk of complications. Your Diabetes educator will discuss management options available to you. 

A chronic disease management (CDM) plan or enhances primary care (EPC) program provided by your GP entitles you to five medicare rebated visits to allied health professionals each year. This includes  a diabetes educator

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